Not all newborns that are SGA are pathologically growth restricted and, in fact, may be constitutionally small. Placenta praevia Placental insufficiency Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome. For the 10 percent of those that are SGA without catchup growth by the age of 2, an endocrinologist should be consulted. A related condition, IUGR, is generally diagnosed by measuring the mother's uterus , with the fundal height being less than it should be for that stage of the pregnancy. Maternal serum hydroxyvitamin D concentrations are associated with small-for-gestational age births in white women. This functional definition seeks to identify a population of fetuses at risk for modifiable but otherwise poor outcomes. Breech birth Asynclitism Shoulder presentation. Views Read Edit View history.
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